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Matthew Gilligan

Property Partnership Options - Which Trading Vehicle ?

Partnership really means two or more people or entities coming together in a common undertaking or enterprise.

You can trade your partnership through various trading vehicles including companies/LAQC's, joint ventures, general partnership, special partnerships, limited partnerships, or Trusts. Each trading vehicle should have an agreement created between the partners to the investment defining their rights and obligations. In a company for example, this is done in the shareholders agreement. In a partnership, the partnership agreement. In a joint venture, the joint venture agreement etc.

Which Trading Vehicle ?

Choosing the right structure is a combination of assessing many factors and choosing the vehicle that delivers maximum benefits for your particular circumstances. While a more detailed discussion on these issues are explored elsewhere on this site, a brief review of things to consider would include the following (looking at partnerships from a property investor's context):-

1. Asset protection implications (including limited liability vs unlimited liability for actions of the partnership, and liability for the banking obligations of the partnership by the partners) LAQC's for example require shareholders that are electing into the LAQC regime to personally guarantee the IRD for income tax.

This can be managed for small shareholders, but is one asset protection consideration in the mix. Another thing to review, - is your proposed structure creating wealth outside of a trust, and if so is it possible to both have your losses accessible and contain capital gains inside your Trust for asset protection and avoiding future gifting problems ?

2. Flexibility of ownership; (Ccan you change partners without triggering depreciation recovered ? 'Yes' for an LAQC, 'No' for most partnership circumstances.

3. Flow through of tax losses: will the trading vehicle let you access the losses?

4. Flow through of capital gains: will the trading vehicle allow easy access to capital gains at the end of the investment, or do you have to liquidate (for example a company will require liquidation unless it is a qualifying company to access capital gains tax exempt in NZ).

5. Cross border tax considerations: for those investing off shore or cross boarder, have you thought through the complex tax issues that arise? Like capital gains tax, non resident withholding tax, the implication of the New Zealand Accrual rules and foreign exchange movements, and double tax on dividend income.

Generally there is a simple and effective structure for most circumstances. Contact me if you require assistance with any matter above.

Matthew Gilligan
© Gilligan Rowe & Associates LP

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Disclaimer: This article is intended to provide only a summary of the issues associated with the topics covered. It does not purport to be comprehensive nor to provide specific advice. No person should act in reliance on any statement contained within this article without first obtaining specific professional advice. If you require any further information or advice on any matter covered within this article, please contact the author.
Hi Salesh, I just wanted to send you an email on behalf of GRA to say how fantastic we have found your company to date. As you know, Ben and I joined GRA a couple of months ago and have just found you so amazingly helpful in getting our new property set up correctly and sorted out. We have what I would consider a rather complicated structure as a result and it’s a fantastic feeling to know that we are getting everything done in the best way possible. We have just had approval to put a minor dwelling on the property which will make a massive difference in terms of cash flow and obviously value, something we would never have even thought of without GRA and which we are very excited about. During the buying process we attended a seminar with Matthew and from the outset thought he was fab. We therein signed up for property school and found this nothing short of fantastic. The content was relevant, up to date and comprehensive, but more importantly it was taught in a way that we could actually understand and really get value out of. I wanted to mention also, that everybody GRA have recommended to us has been just so efficient and absolute masters at what they do. A wonderful network of people that we feel very lucky to now be able to call on. From Kris Pederson and Bryan Rist who put our mortgage together to the insurance guys they then referred us to, I’m super impressed. Within GRA, Ellery has probably turned things around for us faster than I’ve ever known before, something which we appreciated so very much when it came to crunch time. She’s always a pleasure to deal with and again, we’re stoked. We’ve just settled on the property today and are about to go and get the keys. I’m pretty pumped and hence this email is probably rather excitable. So, a massive thank you to you Salesh, the partners for such a fabulous 6 weeks at property school and everyone at GRA for their help. May this be the start of our property empire. Thanks again, - A & B - July 2015
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